Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
The Forum was the economic, religious, and political center of Pompeii. The main temples, municiple buildings, law courts, the Macellum, and the Mensa Ponderaria were grouped around it.
At the time of destruction, the Forum was isolated from the urban area by a large arcade that encircled it except to the north, which was occupied by the Capitoline and two other honorary arches. The Forum is rectangular in shape, 32 meters by 142 meters, paved in travertine, and was surrounded by a covered arcade on three sides.
The arcade was composed of two orders of columns during the Samnite age that were built out of Nocera tuff. These columns were in the Doric style, with the trabeation where the upper columns rested in the Ionic style. The columns on the western and eastern sides are from the Roman period.
The "Suggestum," a stand from which orators spoke to the people, is located at the center of the western side of the square. Several large bases where statues of the most important men of the city were placed are located along the southern side of the arcade.
The public buildings, located along the southeren, eastern and western sides, were hidden by the colonnade. The only completely visible building was on the north - the Temple of Jupiter with two triumphal arches at its sides.
The Basilica was the most important public building in Pompeii as the center of economic life and the seat of the law courts. It is thought that the foundation dates back to pre-Roman times because tiles found near the opening contained the Oscan seal.
The Basilica opened onto the Forum by five doorways that created three internal naves. The central nave was composed of 28 brick columns, clearly of Greek influence.
Highlands Ranch High School 9375 South Cresthill Lane Highlands Ranch, Colorado 80126 303-471-7000
Mr. Sedivy's History Classes
| Colorado History | American Government | Modern European History | Advanced Placement European History | Rise of England | World History |
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